What do brake pads have in familiar with engine oil and air filters? Well, they’re all candidates for routine maintenance on your car, truck, or SUV, along with tire rotation and many other service items. Each of them is essential to keep your vehicle running safely and smoothly on the road. Therefore, your vehicle manufacturer recommends servicing each item regularly as per the maintenance schedule.
Your brake pads need to be replaced from time to time – usually around fifty thousand miles (give or take depending on your driving habits). This is because the friction material applied to them wears away with use. When your brake pads become too thin to use safely (somewhere between 3-6 mm), it’s time for a brake inspection or replacement.
As a driver, you already know that your brakes are the most important safety feature of your vehicle. And you probably understand that brake pads need to be replaced from time to time. But what about your brake rotors? Do they also need to serve? And if so, can they be resurfaced, or do they need to be replaced?
What is a brake rotor?
The brake rotor is a component of the disc brake system featured on most vehicles on the road today. The rotor is the heavy metal disc that connects your wheel to the wheel hub. When the wheel and tire spin, the rotor spins with them. Your brake pads are sandwiched around the rotor. When you depress your brake pedal, a hydraulic clamping mechanism (called a brake caliper) squeezes the brake pads against the sides of the rotor, creating friction to slow and stop your car.
Over time and with use, the friction material on your brake pads, which may be made of organic, semi-metallic, or ceramic materials, will wear down. This is why you need to change your brake pads regularly.
While your rotors aren’t necessarily built to take sacrifices like brake pads, they will also wear out. They get lean. And excessive heat from aggressive braking or heavy loads can cause glazing and hot spots on your rotors. Rotor lifespan is affected by the type of brake pads you use (semi-metallic pads cause more wear on the rotor than organic or ceramic pads), the amount of exposure to salt and moisture, and your driving style. If you apply your brakes or drive aggressively, your rotors will wear out faster. The quality of the rotors can also impact how long they last. So your rotors need to be serviced too.
What is rotor resurfacing?
Traditionally, brake rotors were machined, or replaced each time new brake pads were installed. This means that a technician will measure the rotors to see if they meet the minimum thickness recommended by the manufacturer. If they did, and if they had enough material left for resurfacing, the technician would disassemble the brakes, remove the rotors, set them on a machine (brake lathe), and ream them to make them smooth and perfect. . , Grinding will leave enough material to go around.
But earlier brake rotors were heavy and thick. They had a sufficient material thickness to undergo several resurfacing events, therefore enduring multiple brake pad replacements. The rotors of today’s vehicles, like your car’s, are made to be lightweight. This means they are thinner than older rotors and often do not have enough margin for resurfacing. So rotor resurfacing, although still often done (indeed, newer machines, such as on-car brake lathes make the process more efficient and precise), is not as common as in the past. Nevertheless, if a rotor is determined to be rough enough to be resurfaced and is not warped or broken, resurfacing is an option.
Replacement vs Resurfacing
When is renewal an option? When a mechanic measures a rotor and finds that the tolerance is within acceptable limits for the process. Otherwise, replacement is necessary.
But sometimes replacing the rotor is a better choice right from the start. For example, many rotors cost much less than they do today. It is often more economical to replace the rotor than to re-surface it, saving you time and money. Or in the case that you’ve ignored warning signs that your brake pads need to be replaced, leaving your rotors damaged from metal-to-metal contact. Those damaged rotors usually require replacement, not retrofitting.
Some vehicle manufacturers also require that you replace your rotors instead of reflashing them. Otherwise, most industry specialists advise that you should replace them every 30-70K miles. In any case, if the rotors are beyond resurfacing, replacement is your only option. Then again, of course, it might be your best choice anyway.
If your vehicle is in need of disc brake service, have a qualified mechanic at a trusted repair shop consider the brake system and measure the rotors. If they show no signs of cracking or serious damage, and if they have enough material for resurfacing (and if the manufacturer allows it), your technician may recommend resurfacing. On the other hand, if your rotors are too thin or too damaged—or if resurfacing isn’t economical—you’ll probably need to replace them.
Are you looking for a new auto repair shop? One of the most difficult parts of picking a new auto shop is finding a mechanic you can trust.
If you need to find a new mechanic fast but aren’t sure where to start, we’re here to help. Here are five tips on how to find the best mechanic to handle your next breakdown.
1. Stay Local
If something breaks down in your car, the last thing you want to do is drive around for a few hours to get it fixed. When it comes to finding a repair shop, one of the most important factors you will need to consider is the location of your new mechanic.
The further away your mechanic is, the more difficult it will be to get your car into the shop if something goes wrong.
2. Always Ask for Recommendations
Chances are good that you know some people who have cars too and they can help point you to a reliable mechanic. Before you turn to the Internet or start checking your local listings, try asking around to see if anyone has any recommendations.
Ask your co-workers, neighbors, friends, and family where they take their cars and whether they would recommend their mechanics. In addition to picking out some potential new repair shop options, asking around can also give you a good idea of which places you should avoid.
3. Check Reviews
Online reviews are a great way to gauge the overall quality of a repair shop. Before bringing your car in for repair or maintenance, check reviews and read some of the highest and lowest-rated comments.
This method will help you assess the integrity of the reviews and the quality and reliability of the mechanic.
4. Get a Written Estimate
Before bringing your vehicle in for a quick and easy fix, ask your potential mechanic for an estimate in writing.
A written estimate is as close as you can get to guaranteeing how much your repairs or maintenance are going to cost. It’s also a great way to make sure you’re not being “taken for a ride” because it gives you a chance to shop around and compare prices at other auto repair locations in your area.
5. Take them for a ‘test drive
Ultimately, one of the best ways to decide whether an auto repair shop is right for you is to check them out for yourself before tackling any major repairs.
Try taking your car for some minor errands like getting the oil changed or changing the tires. Bringing your vehicle in for a small job will give you a better idea of the shop’s price range, efficiency, and quality of its work.
How To Find The Right Auto Repair Shop For You
Finding an auto repair shop you can trust can be a challenge. But, by following these tips, you’ll be able to find a reliable new mechanic in no time.
Nowadays, well-known car brands have entered the used car segment and India’s organized used car industry is on the rise. So, you have lots of options. However, you need to be observant and cautious while pursuing those options. Read on to know more about the things to know before buying a used car.
Things to check before buying a used car:
The complexities involved when buying a used car make it even more important to get a thorough inspection of the vehicle. Thus, make sure to go through the points given below in the form of a checklist. Here is a checklist for buying a used car.
1. Check Car Status:
Once you have zeroed in on the car, it is important to pay attention to the smallest of details to arrive at a buying decision. If you are well-versed in the technical aspects of a car, you can inspect the vehicle yourself or take the help of a trusted mechanic. Things may seem normal from the outside, but; A skilled mechanic will be able to pinpoint whether there was a cover-up with regard to the exterior and if the engine, along with other parts, is worth the price.
Here is a list of things to check and inspect regarding the condition of the car before buying a used car.
A look at the upholstery in the car. Check the front and rear seats for any tears or stains. If the vehicle has electronic items like a music system, monitor, etc., try to use it to ensure its functionality.
Take a good look at the vehicle from all angles. At first glance, everything may seem fine, but a closer look may reveal a different picture. Beware of rust and paint damage.
While it is important to inspect the car closely, taking a step back and inspecting the framing of the car can also tell a lot about the vehicle. Check that the car is placed evenly and confirm that nothing is loose near the chassis.
Tires can be in good or bad condition depending on the usage. You can check the uniformity of the tires related to wear and tear. If the tires are not worn evenly, it can lead to alignment issues, meaning the car may lean in one direction while driving.
A thorough inspection of the engine is recommended. Check for leaks, corrosion, and burst tubes. Also, check the oil and transmission fluid using the dipstick.
If the car is not very old but has major mileage issues, it could be the result of deeper problems. Discuss the mileage in detail with the seller as it is difficult to inspect in one go.
7) Test Drive
Test driving a car will give you a lot of information related to its performance. Be careful while driving on highways, narrow lanes, U-turns, etc. Pay special attention to the brakes. Driving the car for a long time will give you an idea of its acceleration and suspension as well as handling capability.
2. Maintenance Records:
Some car owners keep meticulous servicing records. Receipts filed with them and dates noted. On the other hand, some owners do not give much thought to the maintenance of records. They make a mental note of the number of visits to the service center in a year and the type of service done.
Have a detailed chat with the seller about the maintenance history of the car. If you get a well-organized record, you can follow that based on your usage. If you obtain an oral history, you can analyze to what extent the car needs servicing.
3. Check Registration Certificate:
Check the authenticity of the registration certificate of the vehicle. It will have the name of the owner and the details of the car – engine number, chassis number, etc. The certificate must be original. If it is a duplicate, it will be marked as DRC. In that case, talk to the seller about the DRC status and check in which state the car is registered. If you want to move to another state, the car must be registered with the Regional Transport Office (RTO) of that state. After purchasing the vehicle, your name should appear on the registration certificate.
Original purchase invoices, insurance, road tax receipt, and pollution certificate are other documents that need to be checked while buying a used car. If the car is financed, then Form 35 and NOC from the financing company are also required. Note that any change in engine displacement or color of the vehicle needs to be specified in the Registration Certificate.
4. Car Insurance:
When buying a second-hand car, the insurance of the old car has to be transferred to the name of the new owner. If the seller doesn’t actively do so, it is the buyer’s responsibility to move it. Legal problems can arise if the car insurance is not transferred in the name of the new owner and the vehicle is involved in an accident or other unfortunate incidents.
Also, the extent of insurance coverage needs to be checked. You need to check whether the active insurance policy is a third-party liability policy or comprehensive. If you feel that you need to strengthen the existing insurance policy, suitable car insurance add-ons can be considered while renewing.
You can also choose to discontinue the existing policy and buy a new policy for yourself. Driving without a valid car insurance policy is a punishable offense in India, so make sure you have at least one compulsory third-party policy. Another option is to buy a wide range of self-damage covers by opting for a comprehensive policy.
5. Transfer of No Claim Bonus:
This point is related to car insurance. NCB is a bonus. This is a reward for not filing a claim during the policy term. Hence, it is known as the No Claim Bonus (NCB). This bonus may entitle you to a discount while renewing your car comprehensive insurance policy. Such a bonus is linked to the owner of the car and not the car. The No Claim Bonus can be transferred from the old car of the owner to the new car of the same owner but not from the seller to the buyer. Therefore, it can be taken into account when the owner sells the old car and acquires a new one.
For example, in the case of used cars, if you are selling your existing car and then buying another car, it can be beneficial for you. If you have a 50% deposit of NCB then you can save a lot of money on car insurance. You can calculate and note down the amount while budgeting for your latest auto comprehensive insurance policy.
Why Should You Transfer Car Ownership?
The details of the new car owner should be reflected in the registration certificate of the car. For that, you have to follow the procedure prescribed by the RTO of your area. In the case of a broker or a used car company, the transfer of ownership process is also done by the broker/company.
What is the matter after all?
If you jumpstart a car battery and it doesn’t start, it’s likely something other than the battery.
This means that your car battery is not capable of maintaining a charge. But why is it so? Several reasons could be responsible for your dead battery.
So, why is your battery not charging?
When the alternator in your vehicle is bad, the battery will be low on charge or dead. A low-charged battery has less capacity and starting power than a fully-charged battery. Constantly undercharging the alternator will kill the battery.
Most vehicle accessories including interior lights, GPS, radio, and Bluetooth kit turn off when the engine is turned off. If they are not turned off properly, they can drain the battery.
Some devices may require a live connection to maintain specific settings, resulting in unexpected battery drain.
Faulty Electrical Control Unit (ECU)
Errors in the ECU can result in symptoms such as engine stall or the check engine light coming on.
There could be a problem with the charging system as the ECU controls all the electrical systems of the car.
Heat is the most prevalent cause of battery failure. The heat induces grid corrosion and grid development on the positive plate. The battery loses capacity when heat corrodes the positive wire, making it less capable of starting the engine.
Faulty battery installation, as well as lack of maintenance
- The battery is being used for a purpose other than the one for which it was designed.
- There is an excessive amount of electrical equipment in the vehicle.
- Battery cables have not been cleaned or adjusted to fit properly in battery terminals.
- The vehicle’s electrical system has been repaired or replaced.
- The vehicle remained in the warehouse for a long time.
- Wiring problem
- Vibration, while the engine is running, can cause the battery connections to loosen. On the other hand, a damaged or loose battery cable can interrupt electrical contact between the alternator and the battery.
Your vehicle has been standing for a long time
Sometimes a battery will lose its charge if neglected for too long. Make sure to start your vehicle from time to time and drive the car around you to charge the battery.
The battery is either too old or dead.
A lead-acid battery in a vehicle lasts for 3-4 years. A battery that is too old or damaged can bulge, crack, and spew battery acid, or corrosion. Corrosion on battery terminals compromises electrical connections and charging capabilities. Sulfation, which corrodes the inner plates of a battery cell, can affect older batteries as well.
Electric cars are much simpler than conventional diesel or petrol cars. Apart from being eco-friendly, these vehicles are easy to maintain, thereby reducing the servicing cost and making the process hassle-free. The benefits of fewer moving parts, less fluid compared to conventional diesel or petrol vehicles, and regenerative braking means a much lower maintenance burden. Let’s take a look at these essential maintenance tips for your electric car-
Your electric car battery is similar to a conventional car engine in terms of cost and value. It is the largest, most expensive part of your vehicle. Furthermore, it is an important factor in the future resale value of the car. Take precautions such as overcharging the battery or allowing the battery to become completely drained. For better understanding, read the owner’s manual of the car.
The brake pads and discs are separated from the brake fluid. How often your electric car’s brake pads and discs need servicing depends on your brake regeneration settings, how hard you drive, how often you drive and the kind of surface you drive on. Are. We do If you brake frequently, you will need to get it serviced regularly.
Yes, yes! We all know that electric cars do not have an engine. But they still require coolant to keep the large battery cool, or else it will catch fire. Now you must be wondering when should you change the coolant of your electric car. The answer is that it depends on what kind of car you drive and what kind of driver you are. At 50,000 miles for a Tesla Model 3, you need to change the coolant every four years, while the Chevy Bolt doesn’t.
Brake fluid service
Electric vehicles do most of their daily stopping through regenerative braking. Mechanical brakes are not used in this process. Even the brake discs and pads in electric cars are pressed together with the help of the same hydraulic fluid found in a conventional vehicle. The fluid used in the process is hygroscopic, meaning it is likely to absorb water from the air, thereby destroying your brake system. To avoid this situation you should flush the water regularly.
Rotating the tires is one of the most common yet neglected car maintenance tips. However, if you own an electric vehicle, you shouldn’t overlook it. Being fitted with a large battery forms the substantial basis of an electric vehicle. In addition, it puts a lot of torque on the driven wheels, which makes tire rotation a necessary servicing task. Wouldn’t it be a shame if you realized that you are polluting the environment excessively by throwing away tires more often than necessary?
Electric cars have an important role to play as far as future mobility is concerned. Electric vehicles are environment friendly and this is the way forward. Buying an electric car can be difficult in the current situation where charging infrastructure is in its nascent stage. But if you make an informed choice considering all the factors, then owning an electric car will be a pleasurable experience for both you and the environment!